migrant labour gold

Historical background to South African migration Free ...

2011-9-19 · compounds, was the beginning of a system that dominated migrant labour in South Africa for more than a century (Wessels & Wentzel 1989: 6–7). In 1886 gold was discovered on the Witwatersrand. This led to the establishment of the migrant labour system on a much larger scale than in Kimberley. Since gold reefs

Migration in Southern Africa

discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand changed the entire pattern of labour migration in the sub-continent. Initially most migrants came independently. Male labour migration to the mines (South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe) and commercial farms and plantations (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland) is the most enduring form of legal

Inflexible Migrancy: New Forms of Migrant Labour on …

LABOUR, Capital and Society 25:1 (April 1992) pp. 46-71 Inflexible Migrancy: New Forms of Migrant Labour on the South African Gold Mines Jonathan Crush Queen''s University Introduction In the 1980s, the South African gold mining industry achieved a goal which had eluded it for almost a century: a regular, predictable,

7 THE GOLD OF MIGRANT LABOUR

2019-8-2 · THE GOLD OF MIGRANT LABOUR RUTH FIRST Editor of ''Fighting Talk* and Johannesburg Editor of ''New Age* One of the 91 still standing trial Jor High Treason. THE days when each country in Africa was an island are over, and few know this better than South Africa''s vast and wealthy gold mining industry.

''AFRICAN MIGRANT LABOUR SITUATION IN SOUTHERN …

2006-1-26 · ''AFRICAN MIGRANT LABOUR SITUATION IN SOUTHERN AFRICA,'' PAPER PRESENTED AT THE ICFTU-AFRO CONFERENCE ON ''MIGRANT LABOUR,'' BY GODFREY KANYENZE (Dr), DIRECTOR, LABOUR AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ZIMBABWE (LEDRIZ), NAIROBI, 15-17 MARCH 2004 1. Introduction …

5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels

The Commission recognizes that a central feature of the gold mining industry is an oscillating migratory labour system. The Commission further recognizes that, from the point of view of the migrant worker, he is divided in half as a human being. That is: a labour unit working at a mine and a family man with his family in the rural areas. 1.

11. Migrants, Labourers and Landowners at the Lihir …

11. Migrants, Labourers and Landowners at the Lihir Gold Mine, Papua New Guinea NICHOLAS A. BAINTON Introduction The Papua New Guinea (PNG) landscape is punctuated by large-scale resource extraction projects that have created concentrated nodes of hyper-intensive capital development that draw people from near and far.

Migration and the invisible economies of care: …

2020-12-3 · labour migration in the country. This paper aims to deepen our understanding of this migrant labour by highlighting the spatiotemporally divided invisi-ble economies of care that are crucial to their exploitation – rarely focused on in migrant labour analysis but essential for policies and politics of labour.

Exploitation, Trafficking and Migrant

2021-4-5 · Labour Exploitation, Trafficking and Migrant Health iii CITATION Buller AM, Vaca V, Stoklosa H, Borland R and C Zimmerman. 2015. Labour exploitation, trafficking and migrant health: Multi-country findings on the health risks and consequences of migrant and trafficked workers. International Organization for Migration and London School of Hygiene ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa

Labour in the South African Gold Mines: Past and Present Professor Francis Wilson, Emeritus Professor, University of Cape Town and Fort Hare The migrant labour system in South Africa, which is 150 years old, was forged around the monoposonistic needs of the mainly British capitalists controlling the country''s gold mines. They

South Africa

South Africa - South Africa - Gold mining: Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified …

Brief history of gold mining in South Africa

2022-1-1 · The Witwatersrand Native Labour Association (Wenela) set up by gold miners as a recruiting agent for migrant workers 1904 64,000 Chinese indentured labourers brought to work on mines to overcome the impasse in the gold industry after the War 1904 - 1908 Deep-level mining progressed to reach gold lower down in the ground 1910 Union of South ...

Class Struggle and Migrant Labor in South African Gold …

Sources: Francis Wilson, Labour in the South African Gold Mines (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972), p. 46; Witwatersrand Native Labour Association Annual Reports, 1971-1977. The importance of foreign migrant labor in maintaining these low wage levels has long been recognized by the South African State. According to the

Migration and the invisible economies of care: Production ...

2020-7-1 · Meillassoux (1972, 1981) in Southern Africa highlighted how capitalism (gold mining) used migrant labour because the social security cost of that labour could be passed onto their agricultural communities at home. Burawoy, analysing migrant agricultural labourers in California and migrant gold miners in South Africa, made ...

Migrant Labour In South Africa''s Mining Economy: The ...

Yes, all our Migrant Labour In South Africa''s Mining Economy: The Struggle For The Gold Mines'' Labour Supply, 1890 1920|Alan H clients are provided with Migrant Labour In South Africa''s Mining Economy: The Struggle For The Gold Mines'' Labour Supply, 1890 1920|Alan H free revisions after receiving their orders. If a customer feels somewhat dissatisfied with their …

Migrant labour conditions in South Africa: a case study of ...

Migrant labour conditions in South Africa: a case study of the gold mines. ILO pub-wep pub. Working paper comprising a case study illustrating the working conditions of migrant worker miners in gold mines of South Africa r - analyses and comments on restrictions on black labour mobility and trade union rights, discriminatory labour legislation ...

THE EFFECTS OF MIGRANT LABOUR ON THE FAMILY …

2018-11-17 · THE EFFECTS OF MIGRANT LABOUR ON THE FAMILY SYSTEM SUMMARY The migrant labour practice in South Africa played an important role in the country''s development and economy. Although it has benefited many native migrant workers by creating job opportunities, it has had adverse effects on the families of migrant workers.

New Labour Frontiers for Old: Black Migrants to the …

Yudelman, Migrant Labor to the South African gold mines, forthcoming, Sage Press, Beverly Hills. 4 By ''sourcing'' we mean policies determining the geographic origins or sources of black migrant labour on the mines. Black Migrants to the South African Gold Mines, 1920-85 103

Swazi migrant workers and the Witwatersrand gold mines ...

Swazi migrant workers and the Witwatersrand gold mines 1886–1920. At the core of southern Africa''s industrial revolution were the gold mines of the Witwatersrand. The insatiable needs of the gold mining industry for cheap, unskilled black labour and the struggles of African communities to maintain a rural productive base led to the emergence ...

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South …

2021-1-31 · A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa took place all over southern Africa4, with stringent health checks before miners were accepted. In addition to the inherent dangers of work underground—in 1907 mortality ran at 470 per 100 000 employees per annum 2—were the recognized dangers of high pre-existing pneumonia rates.

Migrant Labour and the South African Gold Mining …

1986-9-1 · Migrant Labour and the South African Gold Mining Industry: A Study of Remittances Migrant Labour and the South African Gold Mining Industry: A Study of Remittances PENNY, N.J. H. 1986-09-01 00:00:00 profitability by the soaring price of gold and hence was able to attract South African blacks into its labour force by raising real wages for the first time since 1910.

Grade 8

 · - Increasing control over black workers: closed compounds and migrant labour - Further land dispossession and defeat of African kingdoms: Xhosa 1878 and Pedi and Zulu 1879 "¢ Deep-level gold mining on the Witwatersrand 1886 onwards - Why gold is valuable - The discovery and mining of deep level gold on the Witwatersrand. o How gold is mined